What do we screen for?
The Gap FC Women’s Screening Tests Explained
Range of Motion Tests:
Knee to Wall: This is an ankle range of motion test. Poor ankle range of motion is linked with an increased risk of ankle injuries, as well as affecting knee and hip movement.
Hip Internal Rotation: Hip Internal Rotation relates to the thigh turning inwards. Reduced range will affect how the lower limb can move and therefore affects speed, jumping/ landing and injury risk.
Hip Flexor Length: This is a combined score of the hip and knee. These muscles restrict sprinting and running capacity when short, as well as being implicated in lower back pain and hip mechanics.
Groin pain on contraction: This might indicate a tendon problem that is common in females that play football. Weakness of adductor muscles, abdominals and other hip muscles can contribute.
Bent Knee Fall Out: This represents Hip Adductor muscle length. When these muscles are short, they will limit movement of the hip and increase risk of groin tendinopathy, hip pain and muscle tears.
Nordic Hamstring: A test of hamstring strength. These muscles are very susceptible to muscle tears, particularly when weak. There is strong evidence that this exercise helps prevent hamstring muscle injury.
Single Leg Bridge Score: This is a test of Hip control, with interest on the Gluteal muscles, which control rotation as well as hip extension. Poor control here often relates to poor “Functional Tests” and has implications for running economy, knee control and trunk control; all vital for Football.
Calf Raises: Weakness in the calf muscles will limit running ability. This may also result in Achilles tendinopathy, foot overuse conditions and problems up the rest of the leg.
Abdominal Score: Strength of the abdomen is important for control of the trunk. There is evidence that reduced trunk control relates to an increased risk of ACL, other knee as well as hip, ankle and spine injuries.
Single Leg Squat: Single leg squat mechanics relate to running performance, strength and balance. Of most importance is the knee position and hip-trunk control, which is related to risk of ACL injury.
Land/Jump Test: Landing and jumping ability is assessed dynamically based on a scoring system. This scoring system has strong evidence with links to ACL injury. Good jumping and landing mechanics are very important for changing direction, reacting to a landing when nudged and even planting the standing leg to strike a ball.
Star Excursion Balance Test: This test relates to foot/ ankle injuries and more generally to any lower limb injury. We calculate the average score of one leg as a ratio to that leg’s length, with below 95% relating to increased risk of lower limb and ankle injury. We also calculate the average of one leg and compare it to the other leg to indicate symmetry, which also relates to injury when the difference is more than 10%.
Triple Crossover Hop Test: This is a performance measure and comparison between left and right. Symmetry relates to efficient movement and with increased movement efficiency we see far less injury occurrences. This is also great to compare yourself to friends!
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